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Deploy a Hydrogen storefront


Hydrogen 2.0 is out now. These archival Hydrogen 1.0 docs are provided only to assist developers during their upgrade process. Please migrate as soon as possible.

You can deploy a Hydrogen storefront to most Worker and Node.js runtimes. This guide describes how to deploy a Hydrogen storefront to Oxygen, Netlify, Vercel, Node.js, Docker, and Cloudflare Workers.


Deploy to Oxygen

Oxygen is Shopify's recommended deployment platform for Hydrogen storefronts. To learn how to deploy a Hydrogen storefront to Oxygen, refer to Getting started with Oxygen.

Deploy to Netlify

To learn how to deploy your Hydrogen storefront to Netlify, refer to the Hydrogen on Netlify documentation.

Deploy to Vercel

To learn how to deploy your Hydrogen storefront to Vercel Edge Functions, refer to the Vercel Hydrogen template documentation.

Deploy to Node.js

By default, Hydrogen targets a Workers runtime like Oxygen. However, you can also deploy your Hydrogen storefront to Node.js, an open-source JavaScript runtime environment.

Hydrogen provides a built-in Node entrypoint which suits basic production use cases. You can run and preview your Hydrogen storefront in Node.js by building your Hydrogen storefront for production and previewing the app locally:

yarn build --target node

yarn preview --target node

The production version of your app will be running at http://localhost:3000. You can inspect and deploy the compiled version of your Node.js Hydrogen storefront from dist/node.

Apply extra middleware

If you're using the default server entry point in the build --target node script (@shopify/hydrogen/platforms/node), then the generated server bundle (dist/node/index.js) consists of a simple Node.js server that uses Connect middleware.

This bundle also exports the createServer function, which you can call programmatically to apply extra middleware:

// server.js

const {createServer} = require('./dist/node');

// This function accepts an optional
// `cache` instance parameter:
cache: customCacheImplementation,
}).then(({app}) => {
app.use(/* ... */);

app.listen(3000, () => {
console.log(`Server ready`);

Use a different Node.js framework

If you want to use a different Node.js framework like Express or Fastify, then complete the following steps:

  1. Create a new server entry point (for example, server.js) and import hydrogenMiddleware:

    // server.js

    import {hydrogenMiddleware} from '@shopify/hydrogen/middleware';
    import serveStatic from 'serve-static';
    import compression from 'compression';
    import bodyParser from 'body-parser';
    import connect from 'connect';
    import path from 'path';

    const port = process.env.PORT || 8080;

    // Initialize your own server framework like connect
    const app = connect();

    // Add desired middlewares and handle static assets
    app.use(serveStatic(path.resolve(__dirname, '../', 'client'), {index: false}));
    app.use(bodyParser.raw({type: '*/*'}));

    getServerEntrypoint: () => import('./src/App.server'),
    indexTemplate: () => import('./dist/client/index.html?raw'),
    // Optional: Provide a custom strategy for caching in production. Defaults to in-memory.
    cache: customCacheImplementation,

    app.listen(port, () => {
    console.log(`Hydrogen server running at http://localhost:${port}`);
  1. Use the new file as the entry point for your build command. For example, if the script is located in <root>/server.js, then you would run the following command:

yarn build --entry server --target node
  1. Preview the server bundle:
```bash?title: 'Yarn'
yarn preview --target node

```bash?title: 'node'
node dist/node

Use App.server.jsx as the server entry point

If your server isn't compatible with Connect middleware or you're deploying to a serverless platform, then you can directly use the App.server.jsx file as the server entry point.

Update the scripts in package.json to specify your new entry point:

// Remove this line
- "build": "shopify hydrogen build",

// Add this line
+ "build": "shopify hydrogen build --entry src/App.server --target node",

This exposes a handleRequest function that can be imported in your server or serverless function:

// server.js

// Polyfill Web APIs like `fetch` and `ReadableStream`

const fs = require('fs');
const handleRequest = require('./dist/node');

const indexTemplate = fs.readFileSync('./dist/client/index.html', 'utf-8');

module.exports = function (request, response) {
handleRequest(request, {
streamableResponse: response,

Deploy to Docker

You can deploy your project to any platform that supports Docker-based hosting, like Google Cloud Run,, and Heroku. If you've generated a Node.js server, then you can run it inside a Docker container.

  1. Install Docker.

  2. Add a Docker file to the root of your project:

    FROM node:16 AS build-env
    ADD . /app

    WORKDIR /app
    RUN yarn
    RUN yarn build --target node

    FROM AS run-env
    ENV NODE_ENV production
    COPY --from=build-env /app /app

    EXPOSE ${PORT:-8080}

    WORKDIR /app
    CMD ["dist/node/index.js"]
  1. Run Docker inside your app directory by executing the following commands:
docker build . --tag hydrogen-sample-app:latest

docker run -d -p 8080:8080 hydrogen-sample-app

The production version of your app will be running at http://localhost:8080.

Deploy to Cloudflare Workers

You can deploy your Hydrogen storefront to Cloudflare Workers, a serverless application platform. For the Cloudflare Workers' Cache API to work, you need to meet the following requirements:

  • You have a Cloudflare domain. The domain can't be, because Cloudflare owns this domain.
  • You have a DNS record for the Cloudflare domain. For example, A Proxied.
  • You have a worker route that points to the Cloudflare domain.

Note: Requirements might be different for Cloudflare enterprise accounts.

  1. Create a Hydrogen storefront locally.

  2. Create a wrangler.toml file in the root of your project.

    For more information about the configurable properties in the wrangler.toml file, refer to Cloudflare's configuration and compatibility dates documentation.

    # wrangler.toml

    account_id = ""
    compatibility_date = "2022-01-28"
    compatibility_flags = ["streams_enable_constructors"]
    main = "dist/worker/index.js"
    name = "PROJECT_NAME"
    route = ""
    workers_dev = true

    bucket = "dist/client"

    command = "yarn && yarn build"
Your static files are now uploaded to Workers KV.
  1. Install Cloudflare's KV asset handler:

    npm install @cloudflare/kv-asset-handler
  2. Create a new Worker entry file (for example, worker.js) in your project:

    // worker.js

    // If the request path matches any of your assets, then use the `getAssetFromKV`
    // function from `@cloudflare/kv-asset-handler` to serve it. Otherwise, call the
    // `handleRequest` function, which is imported from your `App.server.jsx` file,
    // to return a Hydrogen response.
    import {getAssetFromKV} from '@cloudflare/kv-asset-handler';
    import handleRequest from './src/App.server';
    import indexTemplate from './dist/client/index.html?raw';

    function isAsset(url) {
    // Update this RE to fit your assets
    return /\.(png|jpe?g|gif|css|js|svg|ico|map)$/i.test(url.pathname);

    async function handleAsset(url, event) {
    const response = await getAssetFromKV(event, {});

    // Custom cache-control for assets
    if (response.status < 400) {
    const filename = url.pathname.split('/').pop();

    const maxAge =
    filename.split('.').length > 2
    ? 31536000 // hashed asset, will never be updated
    : 86400; // favicon and other public assets

    response.headers.append('cache-control', `public, max-age=${maxAge}`);

    return response;

    async function handleEvent(event) {
    try {
    const url = new URL(event.request.url);

    if (isAsset(url)) {
    return await handleAsset(url, event);

    return await handleRequest(event.request, {
    cache: caches.default,
    context: event,
    // Buyer IP varies by hosting provider and runtime. You should provide this
    // as an argument to the `handleRequest` function for your runtime.
    // Defaults to `x-forwarded-for` header value.
    buyerIpHeader: 'cf-connecting-ip',
    } catch (error) {
    return new Response(error.message || error.toString(), {status: 500});

    addEventListener('fetch', (event) => event.respondWith(handleEvent(event)));
  1. Update package.json to specify the new Worker entry point. If the entry point is in <root>/worker.js, then the changes look like the following:

    // Remove this line
    - "build": "shopify hydrogen build",

    // Add this line
    + "build": "shopify hydrogen build --entry worker",
  2. Deploy your project with Wrangler:


Avoid rate limiting in production

If you're deploying to a non-Oxygen runtime, then this is a necessary step to avoid rate-limiting in production. Learn more about why it's required.

Note: In the following example, environment variables are stored in Oxygen.env. If you're not deploying to Oxygen, then you can choose a different storage location.

  1. Create a delegate access token for the Storefront API.

  2. Store the token in a private environment variable called PRIVATE_STOREFRONT_API_TOKEN.

  3. In the Hydrogen configuration file, set the private token using the variable PRIVATE_STOREFRONT_API_TOKEN.

    // hydrogen.config.ts

    export default defineConfig({
    /* In this example, the environment variable is stored in `Oxygen.env`.
    If you're not deploying to Oxygen, then you can choose a different storage location.*/