Skip to main content

Third-party dependencies


Hydrogen 2.0 is out now. These archival Hydrogen 1.0 docs are provided only to assist developers during their upgrade process. Please migrate to Hydrogen 2.0 as soon as possible.

Third-party dependencies will generally work out-of-the-box with Hydrogen. This guide describes how to install third-party dependencies, where to insert them, and offers tips for troubleshooting dependencies.


To install third party dependencies, run the following command:

npm install <dependency>
yarn add <dependency>

Where to insert dependencies

Consider the following:

  • If the dependency interacts with useState or browser APIs, then place it inside a *.client.jsx component. Follow the rules of server and client components.
  • If the dependency is purely client-based, and you don't need to interact with it in individual components, then you can insert it in the <head> element of index.html.
  • If the dependency includes a style import from a CSS file, then you can import that in the <head> element of index.html.

Troubleshooting dependencies

This section provides strategies for troubleshooting third-party dependencies in your Hydrogen project.

Updating Vite dependencies

Vite caches pre-bundled dependencies in node_modules/.vite. It re-runs the pre-bundling step if any of the following changes occur:

  • The dependencies list is updated in package.json
  • Package manager lockfiles (for example yarn.lock) are updated
  • Any fields in vite.config.js are updated

You can force Vite to re-bundle dependencies by completing one of the following tasks:

  • Start the dev server with the --force command line option
  • Manually delete the node_modules/.vite cache directory

Bundling third-party dependencies

When bundling third-party dependencies, you might see errors in development or production related to the incorrect bundle type being used from the package.

This happens because Vite uses a heuristic to determine whether to load a module-based import (ESM) or a CommonJS-based import (CJS). Sometimes, the heuristic chooses the wrong version, or the third-party package formats their project in an unusual way.

To fix this, you can try adding the dependency to the optimizeDeps.include property of your vite.config.js file:

// vite.config.js

import {defineConfig} from 'vite';
import hydrogen from '@shopify/hydrogen/plugin';

export default defineConfig({
plugins: [hydrogen()],

optimizeDeps: {
include: ['YOUR_DEPENDENCY'],

Tip: If you find that a dependency is being optimized when it shouldn't, then you can try adding the dependency to optimizeDeps.exclude to see if it fixes the issue.

Next steps